Hazards in food refers to anything that can pose harm to consumers. Hazards are of various types such as biological, physical, chemical.
There are four main effects of complement. Functions of complement includes opsonization, infalmmation etc. Properties of complement are: heat-labile, glycoproteinous etc.
Adenosine triphosphate is complex organic molecule which carries energy within cells. It is the energy store house of the cell. Release of energy occurs on hydrolysis of ATP to ADP (Adenosine di-phosphate) and Pi (Inorganic phosphate) . ATP synthase is the enzyme which catalyzes the synthesis of ATP from ADP.
Sum of all chemical reactions occurring in living organisms is Metabolism. Metabolism is set of life sustaining chemical transformations that occurs in living cells. Metabolism constitutes a series of enzymatic reactions to produce specific products
Complement refers to a set of serum proteins that cooperates with both the innate and the adaptive immune systems to eliminate blood and tissue pathogens. Various complement components bind and opsonize bacteria, rendering them susceptible to receptor-mediated phagocytosis by macrophages, which express membrane receptors for complement proteins.
Naked Monoclonal Antibodies: There is no drug or radioactive material attached to them. These are the most common type of mAbs used to treat cancer. Most of them attach to antigens on cancer cells, but some work by binding to antigens on other, non-cancerous cells, or even free-floating proteins.
Conjugated Monoclonal Antibodies: Monoclonal antibodies joined to a chemotherapy drug or to a radioactive particle are called conjugated monoclonal antibodies.
Monoclonal antibodies are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell. Monoclonal antibodies can have monovalent affinity, in that they bind to the same epitope.