Killing or removing all forms of microbial life (including endospores) in a material or an object is sterilization.
An antiseptic is a substance that stops or slows down the growth of microorganisms.
is any cleaning technique that mechanically removes microorganisms to reduce contamination to safe levels (officially approved as safe).
Cell disruption process is carried out in presence of buffer which maintains the integrity of biomolecules within the cell so it is called Extraction Buffer. They are also called as recovery buffer as these are used during recovering the desired nucleic material, proteins etc. by disrupting the cells.
Quality Assurance is any systematic process of checking to see whether a product or service being developed is meeting specified requirements. A quality assurance system is said to increase customer confidence and a company’s credibility, to improve work processes and efficiency, and to enable a company to better compete with others.
Quality assurance is a good practice in manufacture of pharmaceutical products, as it is process of vouching for integrity of products to meet the standard for proposed use.
Chemical hazard refers to any substance or chemical that can lead to health problem when it reaches inside the body either by ingestion or inhalation. Chemicals present in food are termed as chemical hazards when their level exceeds the limit of acceptance or levels that are hazardous to human. Chemical hazards can be separated into four categories: Naturally occurring chemicals, Intentionally added chemicals, Unintenionally or incidentially added chemicals and Food allergens
Vitamins may be regarded as organic compounds required in the diet in small amounts to perform specific biological functions for normal maintenance of optimum growth and health of the organism. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat soluble. There are 13 Vitamins necessary for human body.
The antigen- antibody interaction is bimolecular irreversible association between antigen and antibody. The association between antigen and antibody includes various non-covalent interactions between epitope (antigenic determinant) and variable region (VH/VL) domain of antibody in a similar manner to that in which proteins bind to their cellular receptors, or enzymes bind to their substrates.